Stonehenge is perhaps the world’s most famous prehistoric monument. It was built in several stages: the first monument was an early henge monument, built about 5,000 years ago, and the unique stone circle was erected in the late Neolithic period about 2500 BC.
Today, together with Avebury, Stonehenge forms the heart of a World Heritage Site, with a unique concentration of prehistoric monuments. Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England,
Stonehenge consists of a ring of standing stones, with each standing stone around 13 feet (4.0 m) high, seven feet (2.1 m) wide and weighing around 25 tons. The stones are set within earthworks in the middle of the most dense complex of Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments in England, including several hundred burial mounds.
Stonehenge could have been a burial ground from its earliest beginnings. Deposits containing human bone date from as early as 3000 BC, when the ditch and bank were first dug, and continued for at least another five hundred years.
The excavated remains of culled animal bones suggests that people may have gathered at the site for the winter and it may not have a burial site.
There is little or no direct evidence revealing the construction techniques used by the Stonehenge builders. Some other theories suggest use of pulley, animal fat sledhe and log rollers to move the stone.
Stonehenge may have been built as a symbol of peace and unity, indicated in part by the fact that at the time of its construction, Britain's Neolithic people were experiencing a period of cultural unification.